Tindak Pidana Contempt of Court Perspektif Hukum Islam

Authors

  • Nur Lailatul Musyafaah Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Sri Warjiyati UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Hammis Syafaq UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15642/aj.2021.7.2.283-302

Abstract

The court is a place to seek justice. It is a place that must be respected. However, there are still many cases of contempt of court.  This is contrary to the Criminal Code and Islamic law.  This study examines the contempt of court perspective of Islamic law. This research is a library and qualitative research. Data collection is carried out through literature studies derived from laws, books, and journals. The collected data is described for deductive analysis using Islamic law. The results of the study mentioned that in Indonesia there is no specific law on Contempt of court.  Contempt of court is based on criminal code articles 210, 2lindung16, 217, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 242, 222, 231, 232, 233, 317, 417, 552.  In Islamic law, contempt of court is a prohibited act as described in the Qur'an and hadith. The sentence is in accordance with the form of the contempt of the court perpetrator's actions and the consequences they cause. If the terms of his sentence are not mentioned in the Qur'an and hadith, then the judge can decide based on his ijtihad called ta'zir.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adisti, Neisa Ang rum, Rizka Nurliyantika, dan Taslim. Contempt Of Court. Palembang: Unsri Press, 2020.

Afriana, Anita, Artaji, Elis Rusmiati, Efa Laela Fakhriah, dan Sherly Putri. “Contempt of Court: Penegakan Hukum dan Model Pengaturan di Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan 7, no. 3 (2018): 441–58. https://doi.org/10.25216/jhp.7.3.2018.441-458.

Al-Qardhawy, Yusuf. Min Fiqh Al-Daulah Fi Al-Islam. Kairo: Dar Al-Syuruq, 1996.

Artaji, Anita Afriana, Elis Rusmiati, Efa Laela Fakhriah, dan Sherly Ayuna Putri. “Eksistensi Pranata Contempt of Court Dalam Peradilan Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat 2, no. 8 (2018): 647–77.

Darma, I Made Wirya. “Legal Reform Delik Contempt of Court dalam RUU KUHP 2019.” DiH: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 16, no. 2 (2020): 190–200. https://doi.org/10.25216/jhp.7.3.2018.441-458.

Detik. “10 Kericuhan di Pengadilan: Dari Hakim Dibunuh hingga Kobra Disebar.” temanggungkab.go.id/. 19 Juli 2019.

Disemadi, Hari Sutra, dan Kholis Roisah. “Urgency of the Contempt of Court Criminalization Policy to Overcome Harassment Against the Status and Dignity of Courts.” Brawijaya Law Journal 6, no. 2 (2019): 224–33. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.blj.2019.006.02.07.

Fahlevi, Dzulfikri Rezas, dan Kuswanto. “Analisis Yuridis Perbuatan Yang Menghambat Proses Peradilan (Contempt Of Court) Dalam Sistem Peradilan Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Yusticia 9, no. 1 (2020): 66–92.

Freer, Elaine. “Experts and Pretenders: Examining Possible Responses to Misconduct by Experts in Criminal Trials in England and Wales.” International Journal of Evidence and Proof 24, no. 2 (2020): 180–207. https://doi.org/10.1177/1365712720913336.

Hamzah, Andi. Kejahatan Terhadap Penyelenggaraan Peradilan (Contemp Of Court). Bandung: PT. Alumni, 2017.

Hasibuan, Otto. “Contempt Of Court Di Indonesia, Perlukah?” Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan 4, no. 2 (2015): 267–74.

Heffernan, Liz. “Irish Criminal Trials and European Legal Culture: A Backdrop to Brexit.” The Journal of Criminal Law 20, no. 2 (2020): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022018320977530.

Hendley, Kathryn. “Contempt for Court in Russia: The Impact of Litigation Experience.” Review of Central and East European Law 42, no. 2–3 (2017): 134–68. https://doi.org/10.1163/15730352-04202002.

Jeumpa, Ida Keumala. “Contempt of Court: Suatu Perbandingan antara Berbagai Sistem Hukum.” Kanun - Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 16, no. 1 (2014): 147–76. https://doi.org/10.24815/kanun.v16i1.6024.

Jiahong, H E. “On Freedom and Regularity of Judicial Proof.” International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science 8, no. 6 (2020): 16–30.

Johny, Ruby Hadiarti. “Contempt of Court (Kajian Tentang Ide Dasar Dan Implementasinya Dalam Hukum Pidana).” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 9, no. 2 (2009): 135–44. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2009.9.2.221.

KD Ewing and J Hendy. “The Strasbourg Court Treats Trade Unionists with Contempt.” Debates in Religious Education 46, no. 3 (2011): 168–79.

Lee, Howard, dan Terence Lee. “From Contempt of Court to Fake News: Public Legitimisation and Governance in Mediated Singapore.” Media International Australia 173, no. 1 (2019): 81–92. https://doi.org/10.1177/1329878X19853074.

Nishad, Utkarsh. “International Journal of Research Publication and Reviews Bail A Right of Accuseae on the Discretion of the Court : A Study Within the Ambit of Indian Criminal Justic System.” International Journal of Research Publication and Reviews 2, no. 7 (2021): 141–45.

Nugroho, Sutanto, R B Sularto, dan Budhi Wisaksono. “Pengaturan Tindak Pidana Contempt Of Court Berdasarkan Sistem Hukum Pidana Indonesia.” Diponegoro Law Journal 6, no. 2 (2017): 1–16.

Riza, Marwati, Farida Patittingi, Hamzah Halim, dan Muh. Hasrul. Pengawasan terhadap Integritas Hakim Konstitusi dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengkajian Perkara, dan Pengelolaan Perpustakaan Kepaniteraan dan Sekretariat Jenderal Mahkamah Konstitusi, 2018.

Rozikin, Opik. “Contempt of Court in Indonesian Regulation.” JCIC : Jurnal CIC Lembaga Riset dan Konsultan Sosial 1, no. 1 (2019): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.51486/jbo.v1i1.1.

Sofyan, M. Dimas Shaifi. “Analisis Hukum Pidana Islam Terhadap Pasal 18 Ayat (2) Undang-undang Nomor 40 Tahun 1999 tentang Pers.” Fakultas Syarioah dan Hukum UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2019.

Sopyan, Yayan. “Contempt of Court in Indonesia: The Meaning, Root of Problems and Its Alternative Solutions.” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 20, no. 1 (2020): 82–100.

Subarsyah, T. “Contempt of Court in Indonesian Criminal Justice System.” International Journal of Scienceand Society 2, no. 3 (2020): 312–21.

Subarsyah, Tedie. “Law Enforcement against Criminal Acts in Politics in Indonesia Connected with Positive Law.” Journal of Politics and Law 10, no. 3 (2017): 51–68. https://doi.org/10.5539/jpl.v10n3p51.

Suhariyanto, Budi. “‘Contempt of Court’ dalam Perspektif Hukum Progresif.” Jurnal Yudisial 9, no. 2 (2016): 151–71.

Wahjono, Padmo. “Contempt of Court dalam Proses Peradilan di Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 16, no. 4 (1986): 365–71. https://doi.org/10.21143/jhp.vol16.no4.1211.

Downloads

Published

2022-09-10