Metodologi dan Teoretisasi Politik Islam

  • Sulthon UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Methology, Islamic Political, Ijtihad

Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to suggest that theoritically there is no specific and standard methodology to be used in the study of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) siyasah. It is because fiqh siyasah is more a part of a social science, where the methodology that might be used always changes and grows.  As a part of fiqh,  the study of fiqh siyasah needs to accommodate  various methods of ijtihad as in the science of fiqh in general, such as  qiyas, istihsan, istishab, maslaha mursalah, 'urf, and others. The study of fiqh siyasah can also use the five approaches such as philosophical, legal, empirical, bureaucracy, and ethics approach. Because the study of fiqh is quite complex and dynamic, then in the assessment and development of which need to be equipped with supporting sciences, such as sociology, anthropology, history, political science, economics, and others.The two fundamental questions to be answered in this research are; what is the methodology and approach of the Islamic political studies / fiqh siyasah and what are its characteristics. The method used in this research is descriptive and historical method. Descriptive method is used to describe a systematic, factual and accurate as well as the characteristics of the population in a particular region. While the historical method is used to reconstruct the past systematically and objectively by collecting, assessing, verifying, and synthesizing evidence to establish facts and to reach a strong conclusion

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. Mukti Ali, Metodologi Mempelajari lmu Agama Islam dalam Metodologi Penelitian Agama: Sebuah Pengantar, (Yogyakarta: PT. Tiara Wacana Yogya, 1939)
Abd Wahab Khallaf, ‘Ilmu Ushul al-Fiqh, (Kuwait: Dar al-Qalam, 1978)
Ahmad Sukardja, Piagam Madinah dan UUD 1945: Kajian Perbandingan Tentang Dasar Hidup Bersama Dalam Masyarakat yang Majemuk, (Jakarta: UI Press, 1995)
Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Islam as the Basis of State: A Study of the Islamic Political Ideas as Reflected in the Constituent Assembly Debates in Indonesia, (University of Chicago, 1983)
AI-Jurjani, al-Ta’rifat, ( Istanbul: t.p., 1327 H.)
Al-Qur'an al-Karim
Amin Rais, Cakrawala Islam, (Bandung: Mizan, 1987).
Bahtiar Effendy, Islam dan Negara, (Jakarta: Paramadina, 1998, cet. 1)
David Marsh & Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science,: Teory dan Metode Dalam Ilmu Politik, (Bandung: Nusa Media, 2011)
Dedy Djamaluddin Malik, Zaman Baru Islam Indonesia, Pemikiran dan Aksi Politik, (Bandung: Zaman Wacana Mulia, 1998)
Einar Martahan sitompul, NU dan Pancasila, (Jakarta: Sinar Harapan, 1989).
Harun Nasution, "Klasifikasi Ilmu dan Tradisi Penelitian Islam: Sebuah Perspektif dalam Tradisi Baru Penelitian Agama Islam: Tinjauan Antardisiplin Ilmu, (Bandung: Nuansa, 1998)
Hasbi ash Shiddiqy, Asas-asas Hukum Tata Negara Menurut Syariat Islam, (Jakarta: Matahari Masa, 1976)
Ibnu Qayyim al-Jauziyah, I’lam al-Muwaqqi’in ‘an Rabbil ‘alamin (Beirut: Dar al-Jayl, tt)
Ibrahim Hosen, Fiqh Siyasi Dalam Tradisi Pemikiran Islam Klasik, (Ulumul Quran, No. 2/IV/1993)
Jaih Mubarak, Teori Fiqh Siyasah, (Jakarta: Logos, 2007)
Jalaluddin Rahmat, Hukumah Islamiyah dalamal-Quran dan al-Sunnah, (Yogyakarta: UII press, 1987).
Leonard Binder, The Idiological Revolution in the Midle East, (New York: Robert E. Kreiger Publishing Company, 1979)
Muhammad Arkoun, Arkoun, Muhammad, The Concept of Authority in Islamic Thought, (London: Curcon Press, 1988)
Muhammad Imarah, al Islam wa al-Sulthah al-Diniyah, (Kairo: Dar al-Thaqafah al-Jadidah, 1979)
Munawir Sjadzali, Islam dan Tata Negara: Ajaran, Sejarah, dan Pemikiran,. (Jakarta: UI Press, 1990)
Nazih Ayubi. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World, (New York: : Routledge, 1991)
Nurcholish Madjid, “Menyegarkan Paham Keagamaan di Kalangan umat Islam Indonesia”, dalam Islam, Kemoderenan dan Keindonesiaan, (Bandung: Mizan, 1987).
Robert N.Bellah, Beyond Belief: Essay on Religion in a Post Traditionalist World, (Los Angeles: University Of California Press, 1991)
Sumadi Suryabrata, Metodologi Penelitian. (Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 1998. cet. ke-ll).
Published
2019-04-02
How to Cite
Sulthon. (2019). Metodologi dan Teoretisasi Politik Islam . Al-Daulah : Jurnal Hukum Dan Perundangan Islam, 9(1), 25-51. https://doi.org/10.15642/ad.2019.9.1.25-51
Section
Articles