Analisis Kritis Terhadap Fikih Perceraian Responsif Gender: Studi Penerapan Kaidah Maqasid al-Syari'ah
This study discusses the application of maqasid al-shar'ah principles in the gender-responsive marriage Jurisprudence. The focus of this research is: how the principles of maqasid al-shar'ah could be used as a foundation and approach of Ijtihad? How is the application of maqasid al-shar'ah principles in the issue of gender-responsive marriage Jurisprudence? This research is a qualitative research, which is in the form of descriptive-analytical library research. The approach used is the philosophical approach. In this study it was found that there are four rules of maqasid al-shar'ah which are used as the basis for jihad. These norms was then applied in a gender-responsive divorce Jurisprudence. This research concludes, that the holder of divorce rights is male, but the divorce can be pronounced based on the court's decision so that the results are more objective. In addition, divorce must be done for certain reasons, such as the cause of a constant dispute that cannot be resolved. Therefore, divorce without cause and without dialogue with his wife, is prohibited because it gives the effect of harm especially to his wife and children.
‘Abdul Aziz bin Abdurrahman bin Ali Rabi’ah, ‘Ilmu Maq??id al-Shari’. Riyad, Maktabah al-Abikan, 2010.
‘Abdurrahman al-Jaziri, Kit?b al-Fikih ‘Ala al-Madh?hib al-Arba’ah, Juz 4. Beirut: D?r al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2014.
Abi Ishaq al-Syatibi, al-Muw?faq?t fi U??l al-Shar?’ah. Beirut: D?r al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 2004.
Ahmad al-Raisuni, al-Fikr al-Maq??id?, Qaw?’iduhu wa Faw?’iduhu. Ribat: al-D?r al-Bai?a’, 1999.
Ali Ahmad al-Jurjawi. ?ikmah al-Tashr?’ wa Falsafatuhu. Beirut; D?r al-FIkr, 1997.
Faqihuddin Abdul Qadir. Qiraa’ah Mubadalah. Yogyakarta: Ircisod, 2019.
Imam Kamaluddin, Perceraian Melalui Media Elektronik (Sms) dalam Prespektif Hukum Positif dan Fiqh Islam, Ijtihad, Jurnah Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam, Volume 13 Nomor 1, April 2019.
Jamaluddin ‘Atiyyah, Na?wa Taf’?l Maq??id Shar?’ah. Damaskus: Dar al-fikr, 2001.
Muhammad Tahir bin ‘Ashur. Maq??id al-Shar?ah al-Isl?miyah. Urdun: D?r al-Naf?is, 2001.
Muhyiddin al-Nawawi, Kit?b al-Majmu’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab li al-Shiraz?, juz 18. Jeddah: Maktabah al-Isrsyad, tt..
Mohsi, ‘Konstruksi Hukum Perceraian Islam Dalam Fiqh Indonesia’, Ulûmunâ : Jurnal Studi KeIslaman. Vol.1 No.2 Desember 2015 : ISSN 2442-8566.
Rustam Dahar Karnadi Apollo Harahap, ‘Kesetaraan Laki-Laki dan Perempuan dalam hukum Perkawinan Islam’, SAWWA – Volume 8, Nomor 2, April 2013.
Sayyid Sabiq, Fikih Sunnah, juz 1. Kairo: al-Fathu li al-I’lam al-‘arab?, tt.
Wahbah Zuhaili, Al-Usrah al-Muslimah fi al-‘?lam al-Mu’a?ir. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr al-Mu’a?ir, 2010.
Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Hukama' : The Indonesian Journal of Islamic Family Law
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.