Pandangan Al-Buthi Terhadap Hukum Mengikuti Program Keluarga Berencana (KB) Berdasarkan Intervensi Negara

  • Moh. Mufid UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Keywords: Intervention, country, family planning, al-Buthi.

Abstract

This article aims to discuss al-Buthi's thoughts about the law following a family planning program on state intervention. The family planning program is claimed as one of the strategies to reduce birth rates to avoid high population growth rates. On the other hand, one of the aims of marriage in Islam is to give birth to offspring who can be the successor and prosperity of the earth. Therefore, family planning programs in this context are seen as blocking this noble goal. Al-Buthi, one of the contemporary scholars, has a very dichotomous thought. This study shows that al-Buthi is of the view that family planning law over state intervention for his people is an act that is not in line with the purpose of marriage. That is why, according to al-Buthi the law is haram. Unlike the law, if both husband and wife couples carry out family planning programs through azl or other contraceptives without any intervention from any party, including from the state, then it is permissible as long as the husband and wife's consent and the existence of benefits that are personal to both. The basic thought of al-Buthi is the qiyasi reasoning and the maqasidi reasoning.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abd al-Ghaffar Abd al-Rauf, al-Qadhaya al-Ijtimaiyah fi Fikr Muhammad Sa’id Ramdan al-Buthi, (Damaskus: dar al-Fikr, 2017).

Ahmad al-Syarbasyi, al-Din wa Tanzim al-Usrah (Kairo: dar al-Mathabi’ 1966).

Basith, Abdul. “Konsep Istinbat Hukum Kontemporer Menurut Muhammad Sa’id Ramdhan al-Buthi, Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah at-Tahdzib, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019).

Al-Buthi, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan Hadza Walidi:al-Qisshah al-Kamilah li Hayat al-Syekh Mulla Ramadhan Al-Buthi min Wiladatih ila Wafatih, cet. IX (Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr, 2006).

______________, al-La Madzhabiyah, Akhtar Bid’ah Tuhaddid al-Syariah al-Islamiyah, edisi revisi (Damaskus: Dar al-Farabi, 2005).

______________, Mas’alah Tahdid al-Nasl Wiqayah wa Ilajan (Damaskus: Maktabah al-Farabi, 1988).

______________, Barnamij Dirasat Qur’aniyah, Vol II (Ceramah tanggal 2 Januari 2008) http://www.naseemalsham.com/ar/Pages.php?page=Lessondetail&p-g_id=47079&bk_id=45962#

______________, Fiqh al-Sirah al-Nabawiyah Ma’a Mujaz li Tarikh al-Khilafah al-Rasyidah, Cet. XI (Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr, 2003).

Jasim Muhammad al-Mutawwi’, Hadis al-Dzikrayat ma’a Fadhilah al-Syaikh Muhammad Said Ramadhan al-Buti, (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A5nmSEOOzRw) diakses 2 April 2020

Khattab, Hasan al-Sayyid Hamid. Maqasid al-Nikah wa Atsaruha: Dirasah Fiqhiyah Muqaranah (Madinah: Tibah University, 2009)

Mufid, Moh. Nalar Ijtihad Fiqh Muhammad Sa'?d Ramadh?n al-B?thi (Banjarmasin: Antasari Press, 2013).

__________, “Kontribusi Muhammad Sa'id Ramadhan Al-Buthi dalam Pemikiran Hukum Publik Islam”, Al-Jinayah: Jurnal Hukum Pidana Islam, Vol 4 No 1 (Juni 2018).

Muhammad Abu Zahrah, Tanzim al-Usrah wa Tanzim al-Nasl (Kairo: Dar al-Fikr al-Arabi, 1976), 107.

Mujiati, Nanik dan Lukman Hakim. “Pemikiran al-Buthi tentang Problematika Dakwah”, Jurnal Mediakita, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Januari 2019).

Mukit, Abdul. “Pendidikan Akidah: Telaah Pemikiran Muhammad Sa’id Ramadan al-Buthi”, Jurnal Tawazun, Vol. 8 No. 1 (Januari-Juni 2015).

Al-Raisuni, Qutb Q?idah Tasarruf al-Im?m ala al-Raiyyah Man?t bi al-Maslahah wa Tatbiqatuh? al-Mu?sirah fi al-Maj?l al-Bi’?, Majallah Kulliyah al-Syariah wa al-Dirasat al-Islamiyah, No. 29, (2011).

Suherman, Gatot. “Poligami Kaum Elit Agama Islam: Menimbang Plus-Minus Praktik Poligami Kaum Elit Agama bagi Masyarakat”, Istinbath: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Desember 2013).

Published
2020-12-08
How to Cite
MufidM. (2020). Pandangan Al-Buthi Terhadap Hukum Mengikuti Program Keluarga Berencana (KB) Berdasarkan Intervensi Negara. Al-Hukama’ : The Indonesian Journal of Islamic Family Law, 10(2), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.15642/al-hukama.v10i2.910