Nasab Anak di Luar Perkawinan Perspektif Hukum Progresif dan Maqāṣid Sharī’ah

Main Article Content

Irzak Yuliardy Nugroho
Achmad Safiudin

Abstract

The granting of rights in civil relations for children born out of wedlock with their biological fathers can be regarded as an effort to protect children's rights as human beings or citizens. Legislation should exist to protect children's human rights as legitimate children. Article 2 Paragraph (2) and Article 43 Paragraph (1) of Law no. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage is considered to cause legal uncertainty, which results in loss of marital status and the legal status of children born outside of marriage according to the law. On the other hand, the shari'ah rules relating to the validity of Marriage and civil relations, including lineage, guardianship, inheritance, are expressly regulated by the shari'ah, carried out and internalized in their implementation. This study aims to analyze how the rights of children outside of Marriage in the decision of the Constitutional Court Number 46/PUU-VIII/2010 from the perspective of Progressive Law and how the lineage rights of children outside of Marriage according to maqāsid-al-sharī'ah. This study uses a qualitative method with a juridical-normative approach. The object of this research study is Constitutional Court Decision No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010. The Constitutional Court's decision caused the child's civil rights to be strengthened in the eyes of the law to reflect the application of progressive legal principles. Based on the maqāṣid-al-sharī'ah perspective, the Constitutional Court's decision that defends the rights of children outside of Marriage can be categorized as protecting the soul, which includes maṣlaḥah ḍarūriyah.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nugroho , I. Y. ., & Safiudin, A. (2021). Nasab Anak di Luar Perkawinan Perspektif Hukum Progresif dan Maqāṣid Sharī’ah. Al-Hukama’, 11(2), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.15642/alhukama.2021.11.2.1-28
Section
Articles

References

Shāṭiby (al), Abū Isḥāq. al-Muwāfaqāt fi Uṣūl al-Sharī’ah. Juz II. Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyah, t.th.

Zuhaili (al), Wahbah. Fiqih Islam Wa Adillatuhu, Jilid 10, Terj. Abd. Hayyie al-Kattani dkk., Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2011.

Djamil, Fathurrahman. Pengakuan Anak Luar Nikah dan Akibat Hukumnya. Jakarta: Firdaus, 2002.

Djubaidah, Neng. Pencatatan Perkawinan dan Perkawinan Tidak Dicatatkan menurut Hukum Tertulis di Indonesia dan Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2010.

Farih, Amin. Kemaslahatan dalam Hukum Islam. Semarang: Walisongo Press, 2008.

Fatwa MUI No. 11 Tahun 2012 Tentang Kedudukan Anak Hasil Zina Dan Perlakuan Terhadapnya.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab. Ilmu Ushul Fiqh, Terj. Faiz El Muttaqin. Jakarta: Pustaka Amani, 2003.

Kurniawan, Muhamad Beni. “Politik Hukum Mahkamah Konstitusi tentang Status Anak di Luar Nikah: Penerapan Hukum Progresif sebagai Perlindungan Hak Asasi Anak”. Jurnal Ham. Vol. 8. No. 1. Juli, 2017.

Lidwa Pustaka, Aplikasi Kitab 9 Imam Hadith, Kitab Bukhari, Bab: Pezina Hukumannya Batu (Rajam), Nomor Hadith 6319.

M.D, Mahfud., dkk. Satjipto Rahardjo dan Hukum Progresif: Urgensi dan Kritik, Jakarta: Epistema-HuMa, 2011.

Mubarok, Jaih. Modernisasi Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia. Bandung: Pustaka Bani Quraisy, 2005.

Muzarie, Mukhlisin. Kontroversi Perkawinan Wanita Hamil. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Dinamika, 2002.

Nawawi, Hadari. Metode Penelitian Ilmiah. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1994.

Pengadilan Tinggi Agama Surabaya. Senarai Pembaharuan Hukum Peradilan Agama: Kajian Hukum Formil dan Materiil. Surabaya: Alaf Riau, 2014.

Prodjodikoro, Wirjono. Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia, Bandung: Sumur, 2010.

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No.46/PUU-VIII/2010.

Rahman, Zaini. Fiqh Nusantara dan Sistem Hukum Nasional. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2016.

Rifai, Ahmad. Penemuan Hukum oleh Hakim Dalam Perspektif Hukum Progresif. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2010.

Rofiq, Ahmad. Hukum Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 1998.

Sabirin, Muhammad Iqbal. “Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Tahun 2012 Tentang Kedudukan Anak Luar Nikah Menurut Hukum Islam”. Jurnal Al Mizan : Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam. Vol. 8. No. 2. Oktober, 2021.

Safiudin R., Achmad. “Pengawasan Komisi Yudisial Terhadap Hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi Perspektif Fiqh Siyasah”. Al-Daulah. Vol. 6, No. 1. April, 2016.

Salam, Nor. “Pembaruan Hukum Keluarga Islam di Indonesia Melalui Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi MK (Studi Kasus Putusan MK Nomor 46/PUU-VIII/2010)”. Tesis -- Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim. Malang, 2013.

Siahaan, Maruarar. Hukum Acara Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2011.

Sutiyoso, Bambang. Hukum Acara Mahkamah Konstitusi, Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2006.

Syahuri, Taufiqurrohman. Legislasi Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group, 2013.

Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan.

Undang-Undang No. 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak.

Undang-Undang No. 24 Tahun 2003 Tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Undang-Undang No. 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia.

Yanggo, Chuzaimah T., dkk. Problematika Hukum Islam Kontemporer. Jakarta: Firdaus, 2002.

http://www.viva.co.id/haji/read/294232-penjelasan-resmi-mk-soal-anak-di-luar-nikah diakses pada 03 Desember 2020.