Tolok Ukur Kesepadanan (Kafa’ah) dalam Pernikahan: Perspektif Ibnu ‘Abdil Barr dan Imam Ibnu Al-Humam

Main Article Content

Athifatul Wafirah

Abstract

This research is library research that aims to explain the thoughts of scholars regarding the concept of kafa'ah. The method chosen is the descriptive analysis method with a comparative approach, which describes the data regarding the opinion of Ibnu 'Abdil Barr and the opinion of Imam Ibnu Al-Humam about the benchmark of equivalence (kafa'ah) in marriage. The data is then analyzed using comparative analysis. From the results of the study, it was found that Ibnu 'Abdil Barr determined the benchmark of equivalence (kafa'ah) based on the Qur'an, Hadith, and ijma' al-madīnah experts. Meanwhile, Imam Ibnu Al-Humam in determining the criterion of equality (kafa'ah) in marriage is based on the Qur'an, Hadith, and 'urf. Ibnu 'Abdil Barr and Imam Ibnu Al-Humam have the same istinbat method, namely using the Qur'an and Hadith as the main and second basis. The difference between the two lies in determining the benchmark of equivalence (kafa'ah) in terms of religion alone, the basis for strengthening Ibn 'Abdil Barr in determining the benchmark of equivalence on the consensus of al-Madinah experts. Meanwhile, Imam Ibnu Al-Humam determines the benchmark of equivalence (kafa'ah) from five criteria, namely: lineage, independence, religion, wealth and profession. Imam Ibn Al-Humam uses 'urf as a consideration.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wafirah, A. . (2021). Tolok Ukur Kesepadanan (Kafa’ah) dalam Pernikahan: Perspektif Ibnu ‘Abdil Barr dan Imam Ibnu Al-Humam. Al-Hukama’, 11(2), 115–139. https://doi.org/10.15642/alhukama.2021.11.2.115-139
Section
Articles

References

Abdullah, Abu Hafi. “Majalah Qudwah.” Vol 03 Edisi 26, 2015.

Humam (al), Imam Ibn. Fatḥul Qadīr Jilid 1. Beirūt: Dār Al-Kutub, n.d.

---------. Fatḥul Qadīr Juz II. Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiah, n.d.

Anshori. ’Ulumul Qur’an. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2013.

Arifin, Zainul. Studi Kitab Hadis. Surabaya: Al-Muna, 2010.

Barr, Ibnu ’Abdil. Al-Kāfi Fī Fiqh Ahli Al-Madīnah Al-Mālikī. Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiah, 1992.

---------. Al-Tamhīd Limā Fī Al-Muwaṭṭa’ Min Al-Ma’ānī Wa Al-Asānid. Beirūt: Dār Ihya’ Turath Al-’Arabī n.d.

Bukhari, Imam. Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhāri. Beirūt: Dār Al-Fikr, 1994.

Darajat, Zakiyah. Ilmu Fiqih Jilid 2. Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Wakaf, 1995.

Fatimah, Siti. “Konsep Kafa’ah dalam Pernikahan Menurut Islam (Kajian Normatif, Sosiologis dan Historis).” Jurnal As-Salam Vol.06 No. (2014): 8.

Irsyad, Muhammad. “Kafa’ah dalam Perkawinan di Masyarakat Muslim (Suatu Kajian Sosiologis).” Jurnal CERED Indonesia Vol.01 No. (2021): 2.

Kh, Humaidi. “Pergeseran Makna Kafa’ah dalam Pernikahan (Sebuah Kajian Sosiologis Terhadap Kafa’ah dalam Bingkai Pandangan Tokoh Agama dan Aktifis Kesetaraan Gender Kota Malang).” Tesis--Pascasarjana UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim, 2011.

Mas’ud, Ibnu. Fikih Mazhab Syafi’ie. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2007.

Mukhtar, Kamal. Asas-Asas Hukum Islam Tentang Perkawinan. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1997.

Mulyono. “Konsep Kafa’ah dalam Program ‘Klik.Jodohmu’ di Lembaga Dakwah Khusus (LDK) Pimpinan Daerah Muhammadiyah (PDM) Surabaya (Ditinjau dari Analisis Hukum Islam).” Maqasid: Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol. 07 No (2018): 3.

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson. Kamus Al-Munawwir Arab-Indonesia Terlengkap. Surabaya: Progressif, Pustaka, 1997.

Qardhawi, Yusuf. Fikih Jihad: Sebuah Karya Monumental Terlengkap Tentang Jihad Menurut Alquran Dan Sunnah, Ter., Irfan Maulana Hakim (et.Al). Bandung: PT. Mizan Pustaka, 2010.

RI, Departemen Agama. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemah. Jakarta: Wali, 2015.

Taufik, Otong Husni. “Kafaah dalam Pernikahan Menurut Hukum Islam” 5, no. 2 (2017): 168–81.

Taufiq, Otong Husni. “Kafa’ah dalam Pernikahan Menurut Hukum Islam.” Jurnal Ilmiah Galuh Justisi Vol.05 No. (2017): 171.

Vera, Nawiroh. “Komunikasi Perempuan Etnik Arab Terkait Tradisi Pernasaban dalam Perspektif Feminisme Islami (Kajian Etnografi Kritis Tentang Perkawinan ‘Sekufu’ di Kalangan Perempuan Arab di Kota Solo).” Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, 2018.

Wibisana, Wahyu. “Pernikahan dalam Islam.” Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam- Ta’lim Vol. 14 No (2016).

Zuhayli, Wahbah. Fiqhul Islam Wa Adillatuhu Jilid 9. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2011.