Implementasi Euthanasia dalam Perspektif Ulama dan Hak Asasi Manusia

  • Sri Warjiyati UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Euthanasia, Scholars, Human Rights, Islamic Law

Abstract

Euthanasia is a problematical issue among doctors, legal practitioners, and religious scholars. It has become a topic of discussion in various countries, especially Indonesia and Malaysia when viewed from the perspective of religion and human rights. The scholars agree that an action can only be classified as a Jarimah if the action is strictly prohibited by syara'. Although there is no clarity or certainty in determining whether euthanasia is a crime or not, the concept of euthanasia itself, formulated by experts, is written and is prohibited in the Al-Quran and Hadith. For example in the Al-Qur'an in QS. Al-An'am verse 151: "And do not kill the soul that Allah has haraam (kills it) but with the right cause". Killing here means killing in any way, including killing with the help of others, such as the concept of active euthanasia. Meanwhile, from a human rights perspective, euthanasia is an effort to eliminate the right to life of a human being, because the nature of euthanasia itself eliminates human life because it will harm others.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

An Na’im, Abdullahi Ahmed. Toward an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1996.

Aramesh, Kiarash, dan Heydar Shadi. “Euthanasia: an Islamic ethical perspective,” 2007.

El-Muhtaj, Majda. Hak Asasi Manusia dalam Konstitusi Indonesia. Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2017.

Haryadi. “Euthanasia dalam Perspektif Hukum Pidana.” Jurnal Perspektif XVIII, no. 2 (Mei 2013).

Hayati, Nur. “Euthanasia Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia Dan Kaitannya Dengan Hukum Pidana.” Lex Jurnalica 1, no. 2 (2004): 17956.

Kumalasari, Rosa. “Kebijakan Pidana Mati Dalam Perspektif HAM.” Literasi Hukum 2, no. 1 (2018): 1–14.

Legi, Milithia Ch Y. “Euthanasia Ditinjau dari aspek Hak Asasi Manusia dan Peraturan Hukum Pidana.” Lex et Societatis 4, no. 7 (2016).

Pangemanan, Elsa Gloria. “Perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia Terhadap Pasien Euthanasia Di Indonesia.” Lex Et Societatis 7, no. 6 (2019).

Paulus, Pingkan K. Paulus. “Kajian Euthanasia Menurut HAM (Studi Banding Hukum Nasional Belanda).” Jurnal Hukum UNSRAT 21, no. 3 (2013): 879.

Pradjonggo, Tjandra Sridjaja. “Suntik Mati (Euthanasia) Ditinjau dari Aspek Hukum Pidana dan Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia.” Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan 1, no. 1 (2016): 56–63.

Prihastuti, Indrie. “Euthanasia Dalam Pandangan Etika Secara Agama Islam, Medis Dan Aspek Yuridis Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia 1, no. 2 (2018): 85–90.

Rada, Arifin. “Euthanasia dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Perspektif 18, no. 2 (2013): 108–117.

Rahmat, H. “Euthanasia (suntik mati) Dalam Perspektif Hukum Pidana Islam dan Supremasi Hak Asasi Manusia.” PhD Thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, 2012.

Rahmatillah, Nida. “The Views of The Indonesian Medical Association and The Council of Indonesian Ulama of Malang on Euthanasia.” Disertasi, UIN Maliki, 2017.

Ramadhini, Rindi. “Euthanasia Ditinjau dari Aspek Hukum Pidana dan Hak Asasi Manusia.” Disertasi, Universitas Negeri Semarang, 2009.

Sarjono, Anastasia. “Kajian Sistem Hukum di Indonesia tentang Peraturan Tindakan Euthanasia.” Tesis, Universitas Islam Indonesia, 2018.

Yudaningsih, Lilik Purwastuti. “Tinjauan Yuridis Euthanasia Dilihat Dari Aspek Hukum Pidana.” Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Jambi 6, no. 1 (2015): 43316.

Yusof, Farahwahida Mohd. “Hanasia: Melanggar Etika dan Hak Asasi Manusia.” Jurnal Teknologi 64, no. 1 (2013).

Published
2020-09-12
Section
Articles